Jane Austen

Portrait, {{circa|1810}}{{efn|The original is unsigned, but was believed by the family to have been made by Cassandra and remained in the family with the one signed sketch by Cassandra until 1920. The original sketch, according to relatives who knew Jane Austen well, was not a good likeness.<ref>Kirkham (2005), 68–72.</ref>}} Jane Austen (; 16 December 1775 – 18 July 1817) was an English novelist known primarily for her six major novels, which interpret, critique and comment upon the British landed gentry at the end of the 18th century. Austen's plots often explore the dependence of women on marriage in the pursuit of favourable social standing and economic security. Her works critique the novels of sensibility of the second half of the 18th century and are part of the transition to 19th-century literary realism. Her use of biting irony, along with her realism, humour, and social commentary, have long earned her acclaim among critics, scholars, and popular audiences alike.

With the publications of ''Sense and Sensibility'' (1811), ''Pride and Prejudice'' (1813), ''Mansfield Park'' (1814) and ''Emma'' (1816), she achieved success as a published writer. She wrote two additional novels, ''Northanger Abbey'' and ''Persuasion'', both published posthumously in 1818, and began another, eventually titled ''Sanditon'', but died before its completion. She also left behind three volumes of juvenile writings in manuscript, a short epistolary novel ''Lady Susan'', and another unfinished novel, ''The Watsons''. Her six full-length novels have rarely been out of print, although they were published anonymously and brought her moderate success and little fame during her lifetime.

A significant transition in her posthumous reputation occurred in 1833, when her novels were republished in Richard Bentley's Standard Novels series, illustrated by Ferdinand Pickering, and sold as a set. They gradually gained wider acclaim and popular readership. In 1869, fifty-two years after her death, her nephew's publication of ''A Memoir of Jane Austen'' introduced a compelling version of her writing career and supposedly uneventful life to an eager audience.

Austen has inspired many critical essays and literary anthologies. Her novels have inspired many films, from 1940's ''Pride and Prejudice'' to more recent productions like ''Sense and Sensibility'' (1995), ''Emma'' (1996), ''Mansfield Park'' (1999), ''Pride & Prejudice'' (2005), and ''Love & Friendship'' (2016). Provided by Wikipedia
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by Austen, Jane, 1775-1817
Published 1967
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by Austen, Jane, 1775-1817
Published 2015
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by Austen, Jane, 1775-1817
Published 1968
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by Austen, Jane, 1775-1817
Published 1982
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by Austen, Jane, 1775-1817
Published 2010
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by Austen, Jane, 1775-1817
Published 2011
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by Austen, Jane, 1775-1817
Published 1983
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by Austen, Jane, 1775-1817
Published 2013
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by Grahame-Smith, Seth, 1976-
Published 2012
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Published 2013
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