Indro MontanelliIndro Alessandro Raffaello Schizogene Montanelli Knight Grand Cross OMRI (; 22 April 1909 – 22 July 2001) was an Italian journalist, historian and writer. He was one of the 50 World Press Freedom Heroes according to the International Press Institute.
Initially an admirer of Benito Mussolini's dictatorship and a fascist supporter, at the end of the war, in 1943 Montanelli decided to join a liberal resistance group, Giustizia e Libertà, but in 1944 he was discovered and arrested along with his wife by Nazi authorities. Sentenced to death, he was able to flee to Switzerland the day before his scheduled execution by firing squad thanks to a secret service double-agent.
In the wake of the 2020 Black Lives Matter protests, Montanelli came under scrutiny for his fascist and colonialist youth and protesters asked to remove his statue in Milan. Montanelli bought and married a 12 year old Eritrean girl, whom he later sold to a general, during the Ethiopian War. In many interviews he called her 'a small docile animal". While working at the fascist magazine "Civiltà Fascista", Montanelli wrote many articles expressing racist ideas, declaring the superiority of the white race and supporting colonialistic ideas.
After the second world war, Montanelli for many decades distinguished himself as a staunch conservative columnist, and in 1977 the terrorist group Brigate Rosse tried to assassinate him. He was also a popular novelist and historian, especially remembered for his monumental Storia d'Italia (History of Italy) in 22 volumes. He worked as editor of Berlusconi newspaper Il Giornale for many years, but in 1994, opposed to Silvio Berlusconi political ambitions quit as editor of Il Giornale. Provided by Wikipedia
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